There’s no question the hotel industry is a vast sector that is responsible for trillions of US Dollars in the form of revenue. That being said, a SWOT analysis of the hotel industry is, therefore, paramount.
SWOT analysis of the hotel industry or the hospitality industry overall helps in devising a proper plan to stay ahead of the competition.
Its magical allure lies in the fact that it can help hoteliers globally develop and implement sound and robust business strategies.
As you might expect with an industry with such a massive financial muscle, you need to have a clear-cut business strategy.
This begs the question: Do you really know your hotel industry?
Even before we delve into it, what actually is a SWOT Analysis?
Simply put, a SWOT Analysis is a rundown of all Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats facing a particular industry or niche.
Herein, we will provide an outlook on the hotel industry as a whole.
Our analysis will focus on its primary business strengths and weaknesses, and how these pitfalls can be harnessed into natural advantages.
With this information, hoteliers can set business goals which can be reviewed at least once a year.
Read on to get a good glimpse of how the hospitality industry especially the hotel industry is panning out.
Strengths of the Hotel Industry
If you are a hotel manager, owner of a hotel or restaurant, travel enthusiast or a wannabe entrepreneur in the hotel industry; understanding the SWOT analysis of the hotel industry is a must.
Right off the bat, we will have to admit that the hotel industry’s strengths vary from one region to another. Every region has its own advantages and disadvantages.
But, the first step in the SWOT analysis of the hotel industry begins with an incisive look at its universal primary strengths.
1. Provides a Safe Abode Away from Home
It’s undeniable that the hotel industry provides safe accommodation for people when they are away from their homes.
The industry itself boasts millions of decent rooms.
With a variety of hotels across the globe – from boutique hotels to the grandeur of international name brands and everything in between, there’s always a hotel that will fit a customer’s needs.
They offer everyone a place to kick back and relax away from all the hustle and bustle of everyday life and work.
Without the hotel industry, vacations and road trips wouldn’t be safer or even possible.
What else can you offer to customers as a hotelier?
Think about it. It will fall under strengths.
2. Contributes to the Local Economy
As an industry that wields significant financial power, the hotel industry can certainly tide things over in the local economies.
Sure, it’s local attractions that bring the masses to the community, but it’s the hotels that keep them there.
When people stay in a place, they consume local services and goods.
They will visit local malls, eat in local restaurants, and shop in local stores.
And, where do all those top dollars end up? That’s right – within the community.
So, the Hotel industry is a boon to the community.
3. It is a Mammoth of an Employer
Again, the hotel industry is an enormous sector that employs many people in myriad disciplines.
Think in the line of management, groundworks, landscaping, banking, service, and entertainment to name a few.
There are a lot of Astonishing facts about hotel industry with key facts being that within the next couple of decades 1, out of 10 people could be a hotelier or hospitality professional.
Even after a huge setback due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the hotel industry would still be one of the biggest employers globally.
4. High-Profit Margin
Although the hotel industry requires huge initial capital, it’s still a worthy investment as the cost of labour is lower, and the profit margins are higher.
However, this is not the case across the globe.
While Asian, Latin, African, and Middle Eastern hotels enjoy cheap labour, those in Europe and the Americas are paying a premium in wages.
High profit margins are key strengths for the following sub-sectors of the hotel industry.
- Luxury hotels and resorts
- Boutique Hotels
- All-Inclusive Resorts
- Casino Properties
- Spa and Lifestyle Resorts
Weaknesses of the Hotel industry
Now, this is a crucial part of the SWOT analysis of the hotel industry. After all, mastering their weaknesses is what gives hotels a competitive edge.
Let’s look at a few of the weaknesses that we need to be careful with.
1. High Hotel Rates- Huge setup cost
Here’s the thing: High-end hotels charge thousands of US Dollars to stay there for a single night.
The problem is that these rates are not within reach of an average household in today’s world.
So, the hotels are losing customers to competition inside and outside the industry.
In essence, there’s a limited demographic in the hotel industry that can market its services and products.
Although there are affordable hotels out there, they usually offer lower standards of services – and maintenance.
Also, the setup expenses of hotels are huge. It takes a lot of effort and money to build up a hotel and then run and manage the same.
It can take years to get to the profit zone for high-end hotels. Huge investment and operational costs are key weaknesses of the hotel industry.
2. Unfavourable Tax Rates
In some countries, the hotel industry is subjected to an unfair tax structure which, in turn, takes the cost of offering hospitality services to a whole new high.
Get this: some rooms attract specific taxes which are charged per night spent there.
As if that isn’t worse enough, some hotels also receive higher sales taxes when pitted against other sub-industries such as bed and breakfasts.
3. Seasonality of the Hotel Business and dependence on Tourism
The hotel industry is a part of the bigger travel and hospitality industry.
This dependence makes the hotel industry vulnerable.
The business of hotels would depend on the influx of tourists, holidays and seasons. This seasonality and dependence on tourism is a key weakness of the hotel industry.
Predicting high and low seasons in advance is quite difficult. Keep a macro perspective, this gets even more difficult.
As an example, the COVID-19 pandemic demolished the tourism sector in 2020.
The hotel industry is directly dependent on travel. Due to the pandemic, it had to suffer huge losses.
This is a classic example of the over-dependence of the hotel industry on external factors.
Opportunities for the Hotel Industry
The hotel industry is here to stay; there’s no question about that.
The best news is that every community has a raft of attractions and landmarks worth visiting.
What hoteliers have to do is add a little flair to them, and people from all walks of life will journey miles to partake in their beauty.
In principle, the hotel industry has an opportunity to enjoy a year-round influx of customers thanks to its modern structure.
During peak season, hotels typically take in domestic and international tourism – and local tourists during the off-season. And, this is the magical allure of the hotel industry.
The world is getting globalised, there are more booking and travelling options. Technology is providing a hand in helping the hotel industry grow.
The Future of Hospitality and the Hotel industry is bright for sure.
1. Huge Scope for Technology
Yes, it’s a key strength of the hotel industry as the technology still can be said to be underexplored in hospitality and travel.
Doing a SWOT analysis for your hotel business around technology would open an ocean of opportunities.
Think in terms of the below when exploring technology for the benefit of your organisation.
- Utilising Artificial Intelligence in customer support (Chatbots)
- Upgrading the Property Management System
- Greater use of Automation for check-in and check-out
- Using Robotics to automate some part of the service
- Blockchain for an enhanced payment security
- Cloud technology for saving on server resources
- Augmented and Virtual Reality helps in a richer consumer experience.
And much more would be on your exploration radar while exploring opportunities for the hotel industry.
2. Millennials the new key target segment for hotels
Millennials are creating huge opportunities for the hotel industry.
They love to travel. They love technology. They care for sustainability. They love green tourism.
There is a huge crowd that has become the decision-maker for travel and lodging.
All SWOT analyses must have a section for new market segment opportunities.
Millennials should find a separate heading in the opportunity section of the analysis.
Catering to this market has a huge spillover effect on all other segments.
With their various interests and love for innovation, millennials are creating opportunities for the hotel industry in 2023 and beyond.
Threats to the hotel industry
This again is a crucial part of the SWOT analysis of the Hotel industry.
Alternative lodging like Airbnb has already posed enough threat to the hotel industry.
- Boutique Alternatives- Cheaper and more robust hospitality services are mushrooming each day. Airbnb is the primary threat to the hotel industry, for that matter.
- Prevalent Conditions: Civil unrest in some foreign countries can dampen the hotel industry both directly and indirectly.
- Worse-Than-Expected Economies: The hotel industry is still reeling back from the aftermath of the world’s recession. Unfavourable interest rates and low disposable income have cut down dramatically footfall in most hotels across the world.
- Changing travel patterns: Consumer behaviour is changing. Augmented reality and Virtual reality are giving consumers options to enjoy travel without much travelling. This can directly impact the lodging industry.
- Pandemics: The COVID pandemic is a recent example of how pandemics can be a threat to the hotel and hospitality industry overall.
Here you go. Quick SWOT analysis of the industry we love the most.
Hope this has helped you to know your hotel industry better.
Technology has a huge role to play in all four sections of the SWOT analysis of the Hotel industry but we will leave that to be covered in detail in another post.